Notice of permit
Regional or Local Number: SARA-PYR-2017-0386
Notice is hereby given that pursuant to the provisions of section 73 of the Species at Risk Act permit no. SARA-PYR-2017-0386 is issued.
Scientific research for the conservation of the species
This permit authorizes the permit holder and assistants on the project to carry out arthropod Species At Risk inventories on the Department of National Defense Military Camp in Vernon, British Columbia. The objective of the project is to determine the presence or non-detection of multiple arthropod species, including four SARA Schedule 1 listed endangered and threatened arthropods: Wallis’ Dark Saltflat Tiger Beetle, Okanagan Efferia, Half-moon Hairstreak butterfly, and Olive Clubtail dragonfly. Non-destructive sampling of individuals will involve direct visual observation in-situ, or closer visual observation of individuals captured using an insect net and temporarily placed in an insect viewing jar prior to release at the same location. Experts in field identification of the target species will be on-site to make this sampling method possible.
Start Date: 2017-06-30 End Date: 2020-10-01
Issuing Authority: Environment Canada
- Species at Risk Act
Location of Activity (province, territory or ocean):
- British Columbia
a) All reasonable alternatives to the activities that would reduce the impact on the species have been considered and the best solutions have been adopted. Field-based surveys are the only way to inventory for these species. Because critical habitat has not yet been identified for 3 of the 4 species, this work may lead to critical habitat identification. Doing nothing will lead to no information, and therefore not contribute to the species’ recovery or to inform management of the property. Waiting for incidental records to come in is also unlikely, since Military Training Areas are restricted from public access whereby members of the public could collect and submit incidental records. The long term goal of DND for the project is to meet species conservation needs through planning and management actions, which is only possible by completing these inventories. All four species can be captured with butterfly nets or by hand, and identification confirmed without killing and collecting. No Animal Care Committee Approval is necessary for work on arthropods. Alternatives include trying to use passive trapping techniques like pitfall traps, malaise traps, light traps, vane traps, and pheromone traps. All of those methods would involve killing individuals and taking a tremendous bycatch of other species that would be killed. Those methods are also not as effective as daylight visual surveys. By targeted netting of the living individuals, during daylight hours, by trained observers, the impacts to all arthropod species and populations of the species at risk will be minimized. Photographs will be used in place of voucher specimens, and identifications will be confirmed by Provincial experts. b) All feasible measures will be taken to minimize the impact of activities on the species. One of the researchers has worked on the site before and is one of the few people able to identify some species, like the tiger beetles and dragonflies, in the field without destructively collecting specimens for laboratory identification. The captured individuals will not be killed and no voucher specimens will be kept; photographs will be taken instead. c) The activities will not jeopardize the survival or recovery of the species. Netting and identifying live individuals will have no impact on residences or critical habitat. Individuals will be handled temporarily and released afterwards to the same location as it was captured. It should be a neutral effect on populations. For none of these species is biological collection considered a threat. These surveys could result in collection of information to inform and advance the recovery of the species.
Canadian Wildlife Service
Delta, British Columbia
Phone: (604) 940-4650
Fax: (604) 946-7022
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