Notice of permit

Regional or Local Number: SARA-OR-2017-0382

Notice is hereby given that pursuant to the provisions of section 73 of the Species at Risk Act permit no. SARA-OR-2017-0382 is issued.

Scientific research for the conservation of the species

For the purpose of characterizing the habitat needs of Bent Spike-rush and evaluate the viability of Common Reed control methods, this permit authorizes the permit holder and assistants to carry out scientific research activities that will affect the Bent Spike-rush at Long Point National Wildlife Area. The authorized activities include the collection of approx. 8 grams of shoot tissue from Bent Spike-rush plants, as well as the collection of seeds of the Bent Spike-rush using soil cores for the purpose of establishing a greenhouse population. In addition, this permit authorizes the permit holder to undertake the following activities within the critical habitat of Bent Spike-rush, which should not result in impacts to Bent-Spike rush individuals and habitat: surveying/ monitoring of Bent Spike-rush populations and measuring photosynthetic capacity, conducting habitat assessments, mapping the distribution of Bent Spike-rush and Common Reed, spading of Common Reed, and collection of monoliths of Common Reed. Some timing and geographic restrictions apply to the authorized activities, as described in the terms and conditions of this permit.

Start Date: 2017-06-16   End Date: 2019-06-01

Issuing Authority: Environment Canada

Authority Used:

  • Species at Risk Act

Location of Activity (province, territory or ocean):

  • Ontario

Affected Species:

(a) All reasonable alternatives to the activity that would reduce the impact on the species have been considered and the best solution has been adopted. The applicant has demonstrated that reasonable alternatives were considered, including the ability to undertake research without accessing the site, using similar/related species, the use of in situ glyphosate, and the collection of adult Bent Spike-rush plants, and has demonstrated that the proposal is the best solution. Accessing the areas supporting Bent Spike-rush at Long Point National Wildlife Area and collecting data and samples are necessary, given the need for species-specific and site-specific data to fill knowledge gaps regarding the Bent Spike-rush population and the threat of Common Reed invasion. This information will inform the recovery of the Bent Spike-rush. Alternative methodologies, such as in situ use of glyphosate (rather than testing on monoliths of Common Reed in a laboratory setting) or collection of adult Bent Spike-rush (rather than seeds) to establish a greenhouse population, would cause more harm to the Bent Spike-rush than the proposed activity. (b) All feasible measures will be taken to minimize the impact of the activity on the species or the residences of its individuals. Amounts of Bent Spike-rush tissue and seed collected will be kept to a minimum, and tissue will be collected following seed set to mitigate harm to individuals and to the reproductive potential of the species. Sites will be accessed by foot and care will be taken not to trample Bent Spike-rush or disturb the habitat. The impacts of Common Reed spading and collection of monoliths will be kept to a minimum by maintaining a setback of at least 20m from Bent Spike-rush plants, levelling the soil, and following protocols to prevent the spread of Common Reed. During collection of monoliths of common reed, the resulting hole will be leveled to eliminate any risk to other species. The monolith harvesting will be timed to occur prior to seed set in common reed to avoid potential distribution of seeds during transport to the greenhouse and care will be taken not to lose any stems from the monoliths. During common reed spading, the severed ramets will be collected in thick garbage bags for transport to a disposal facility for either high temperature composting or burning, to prevent accidental loss of vegetative propagules during transport. All equipment and gear will be checked for vegetative propagules of common reed prior to entry into sensitive habitat during the early part of the season before plants flower. Once common reed plants begin to produce seed, equipment and gear will be wiped down to ensure no transfer of seeds. If any birds, herptiles or plants at risk other than Bent Spike-rush are encountered, they will be given a 5 m berth. Repeat visits to sites will be spaced a minimum of 10 days apart to mitigate any disturbance issues that might interfere with animal at risk breeding or foraging activities in Bent Spike-rush habitat. (c) The activity will not jeopardize the survival or recovery of the species. The information collected through the research project will help to fill key knowledge gaps outlined in the recovery strategy for Bent Spike-rush, including information on the threat posed by Common Reed and efficacy and risks of control methods. It is therefore expected to contribute to the recovery of the Bent Spike-rush in Canada. In addition, the harm to individuals and habitat caused by the activities is expected to be minimal, and the activities are not expected to have a measurable effect on the population. Therefore the activities will not jeopardize the survival or recovery of the species.

Contact Person(s)
Canadian Wildlife Service
Burlington, Ontario
Phone: (905) 336-4464
Fax: (905) 336-4587